Studying Effectively

Referencing websites

Reference styles do vary. The examples on this page may not match the preference of your School or Department - please check the guidelines from your School or Department to ensure you are following the preferred style.

Referencing websites with authors

References to websites should include:

  • Author or organisation responsible for the site
  • Title of the website (in italics)
  • [online]
  • Place of publication and publisher
  • The date the site was published or last updated
  • Date you viewed the website
  • The URL

Referencing websites without authors

When you can't determine the author(s) of a website, use 'Anon.' to mean Anonymous. However, be careful of the validity of the website if you don't know who has written or produced it.

Further help with referencing websites 

Referencing printed sources


Further reading

More help with referencing

Reading and interpreting sources and data


People who can help

Talk to someone in your school or a specialist support service


Studying Effectively

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