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Admittance, or Admission; and Surrender

An admittance is a copy of the manorial court roll. The technically correct legal term is 'admittance', although by the nineteenth century the word 'admission' was often used in its place, even by stewards of the courts.

Purpose

A record of the admittance of a copyholder to property within a manor.

Features of admittances

  • 17th-20th centuries
  • various sizes
  • written on parchment
  • usually written in Latin until 1733
  • deed poll (straight top edge)

Important words and phrases

Admittances begin by stating the type of court, the name of the Lord of the Manor, and the date. A description of the property will be given, together with details of why the new tenant is entitled to enter. This could be because he had purchased the property, or because he was the heir of the previous owner. The document will state that he

'...is admitted tenant'.

The property was officially handed over to the new tenant 'by the rod'. This was a public ceremony in which the steward of the manor gave the tenant a rod as a symbol of the transfer. Many tenants did not appear in court in person, but were represented by an attorney.

New tenants had to pay an entry fine to the Lord of the Manor, which could be a large lump sum, or a nominal payment of a couple of shillings depending on the custom of the manor. Admittances were signed by the steward of the manor.

Surrender

A surrender is a copy of the manorial court roll.

Purpose

A record of the surrender of property within a manor from the copyholder to the Lord of the Manor.

Features

  • 17th-20th centuries
  • various sizes
  • written on parchment
  • usually written in Latin until 1733
  • deed poll (straight top edge)

Important words and phrases

Surrenders begin by stating the type of court, the name of the Lord of the Manor, and the date. Many tenants did not appear in court in person, but were represented by an attorney. A description of the property will be given. The document will include the words 'do surrender into the hands of the Lord of the Manor...'

Surrenders were often used to enable mortgages or settlements of copyhold land. Land was often surrendered to the Lord of the Manor to various 'uses', i.e. for particular purposes:

  • to the use of a purchaser of the land
  • to the use of the tenant's will. This allowed the land to be left to the person of the tenant's choice after his death. The wording in this case would be 'to the use of such person ... and for such uses, trusts [etc] and ... subject to such powers ... as [the surrenderer] shall ... by his last will ... give and declare'
  • to the use of an heir, and to other beneficiaries after the death of the heir. This allowed the land to be settled for the benefit of the next generation
  • to the use of a trustee, in order to make him a 'tenant to the praecipe' to suffer a common recovery in the manorial court
  • to the use of a mortgagee, to raise money on the security of the land. The amount of money borrowed will be stated. The mortgagee was not admitted to the land. When the mortgage was repaid, the mortgagee gave the mortgagor a 'warrant of satisfaction', or receipt, which was entered in the court rolls

Hybrid documents

In many cases, admissions and surrenders of the same piece of land were recorded on the same document.

This was because the court roll was used to record the transactions which took place in one particular court session. Therefore, the surrender of a piece of land from A to the use of B, and B's admittance to that land, often happened on the same day and was recorded in the same document.

Likewise, many heirs did not seek formal admittance to their late father's land until they wished to sell or mortgage it. The record of their admittance was often followed immediately by a surrender of the land back to the Lord of the Manor, to the use of a purchaser, trustee or mortgagee.

Example

Ne D 5296 - Admittance, with recital of surrender (Latin) from John Heathfield to John Charrington of a half part of a messuage, barn, orchard and land in Leigh, Surrey; 11 Oct. 1699

Deed Ne D 5298

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View a line-by-line breakdown of this deed

Transcription

[line 1] Maneriu[m] de Reigate

[line 2] Ad Cur[iam] Baron[is] p[ro]nobilis Joh[an]is d[omi]ni Som[m]ers Baron de Evesham d[omi]ni sum[m]i Cancell[is] Angl[ie] d[omi]ni Man[er]ij p[re]dic[te] ib[ide]m

[line 3] tent die M[er]curij (scil[ice]t) undecimo die Octobris Anno r[eg]ni d[omi]ni n[ost]ri Will[elm]i Tertij dei grat[ie] Angl[ie] Scot[ie] Franc[ie]

[line 4] & Hib[ernie] Regis fidei defensor &c Undecimo Annoq[ue] d[omi]ni 1699 p[er] Steph[an]um Hervey Ar[miger] ib[ide]m Senscall[um] Irrotulatu[r]

[line 5] sic ut sequitu[r]

[line 6] Ad hanc Cur[iam] comp[ar]tu[m] est p[er] homagiu[m] q[uo]d Joh[an]es Heathfield de Milton in Com[itatu] Cant' Chirurgus Tenens customar[es] Man[er]ij

[line 7] p[re]dic[ti] extra Cur[ia] (scil[ice]t) Vicesimo secundo die Octobris ult' p[re]terit sursum reddebat in manus d[omi]ni Man[er]ij p[re]dic[ti] p[er] acceptac[i]on[e] Ed[wa]r[d]i

[line 8] Benwick & Joh[an]is Arnold duor' ab Tenen' customar' Man[er]ij p[re]dic[ti] unam medietat[am] unius Messuagij Cottagij sive Tenement' custom'

[line 9] Horr' Gardin' et pomar' vocat skeetes ac unius Clausi pastur[as] vocat Hedgers ac unius Clausi pastur[as] vocat Rack Close ac

[line 10] etiam duar' p[ar]cell[is] Terr[is] arrabil[is] vocat Dealfields cum suis p[er]tinen[cijs] Continen[tis] in toto p[er] estimac[i]on Quatuordecim acr[is] plus sive minus

[line 11] scituat[is] jacen[s] & existen[s] in Leigh infra Man[er]iu[m] p[re]dic[tum] in occupac[i]on[e] Thome Shove sive assignat[is] suor[is] Ad solum opus & usum Joh[an]is

[line 12] Charrington de Horley in Com[itatu] Surr[ey] yoman hered[ibus] & assignat[is] suor[is] imp[er]petuu[m] ad Voluntat d[omi]ni sec[un]d[u]m consuetud[ine] Man[er]ij p[re]dic[ti] Quiquidem

[line 13] concessit medietat Messuagij Terr[is] & p[re]miss[oris] p[re]dict[is] Habend[um] & tenend[um] mediatat Messuagij Terr[is] & p[re]miss[oris] p[re]dict[is] cum p[er]tinen[cijs] p[re]fat[o]

[line 14] Joh[an]i Charrington hered[es] & assignat[is] suis imp[er]petuu[m] p[er] copiam Rotulor[um] Cur[iam] ad Voluntat d[omi]ni sec[un]d[u]m consuetud[ine] Man[er]ij p[re]dic[ti] p[er] Reddit[us]

[line 15] p[er] annu[m] ____ Heriot fidelitat sect Cur' & al[ie] servic[ie] inde prius debit' & de jure consuet[udine] Et sic admissus est inde Tenens d[omi]ni

[line 16] modo & forma p[re]dic[ta] habuit sei[si]nam p[er] Virgam fecit fidelit Et Finis imponitu[m] p[er] Sen[e]scall[um] p[re]dic[tum] p[ro] tal admission sua p[ro]ut

[line 17] patet in Rotulis Cur[ie].

[line 18] Exa[min]it[ur] p[er] me He. Hervey

[line 19] ib[ide]m sen[escallu]m

Translation

[line 1] Manor of Reigate.

[line 2] At the Court Baron of the noble John, Lord Somers, Baron of Evesham, Lord Chancellor of England, Lord of the aforesaid Manor,

[line 3] held there on Wednesday, that is to say the eleventh day of October in the eleventh [year of the] reign of our lord William the third by the grace of God King of England, Scotland, France

[line 4] and Ireland, defender of the faith etc., and in the year of the lord 1699, by Stephen Hervey esquire, Steward there, [it was] enrolled

[line 5] thus as follows:

[line 6] At this court it was found by homage that John Heathfield of Milton in the county of Kent, surgeon, tenant by the custom of the aforesaid manor,

[line 7] out of court on the twenty second day of October last in the past, surrendered into the hands of the Lord of the aforesaid Manor by the acceptance of Edward

[line 8] Benwick and John Arnold, two of the tenants by the custom of the aforesaid manor, a mediety of one messuage, cottage or customary tenement,

[line 9] barn, garden and orchard called Skeets and one close of pasture called Hedgers and one close of pasture called Rack Close and

[line 10] also two parcels of arable land called Dealfields with their appurtenances containing in total by estimation fourteen acres more or less,

[line 11] situate lying and being in Leigh within the aforesaid manor, in the occupation of Thomas Shove or his assigns, to the use and behoof of John

[line 12] Charrington of Horley in the county of Surrey, yeoman, and his heirs and assigns for ever, at the will of the Lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor;

[line 13] And the half of the messuage, lands and aforesaid premises was granted To have and to hold the half of the messuage, lands and aforesaid premises with their appurtenances to the said

[line 14] John Charrington and his heirs and assigns for ever, by a copy of the Court Roll, at the will of the Lord and according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, by rent

[line 15] per year [amount left blank], heriot, fealty, suit of court, and by the service thence due, and of right accustomed. And so he is admitted Tenant

[line 16] thereof and had seizin by the Rod from the Lord according to the way and form aforesaid [and] did fealty. And a fine [was] imposed by the aforesaid Steward for this his admittance as

[line 17] appears in the Court Rolls.

[line 18] Examined by me He. Hervey

[line 19] Steward of the same [court]

 

Pl E12/6/20/20/6 - Surrender and admittance of copyhold land in Mansfield Woodhouse in Nottinghamshire from Samuel Housley and his mortgagee's representatives to John Booth and his wife; 18 Apr. 1826

Deed Ne Pl E12/6/20/20/6

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Transcription

Mansfield, ss, The Court Leet and Great Court Baron of The Most Noble William Henry Cavendish Scott Duke of Portland held there the Eighteenth day of April in the seventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Fourth by the Grace of God of the united Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King Defender of the Faith and in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty six.

To this Court came John Ellis of Mansfield aforesaid Mercer and Draper and Catharine Ellis of the same Place Widow (the customary Heir and Executor and Executrix named in the last Will and Testament of Francis Ellis late of Mansfield aforesaid Mercer deceased who was Mortgagee of the Hereditaments hereinafter mentioned) and Samuel Housley of Mansfield Woodhouse in the County of Nottingham Butcher and Ann his Wife in their proper persons and here in full Court In consideration of the sum of One thousand four hundred pounds of lawful Money of Great Britain paid by John Booth of Clipston in the said County of Nottingham Farmer Did surrender into the hands of the Lord of the Manor aforesaid All those two Closes Pieces or Parcels of inclosed Land situate lying and being in Mansfield Woodhouse aforesaid one of which said Closes is called by the name of Foot-Ball Close or Stubbing and contains by mensuration Eight acres one rood and nineteen perches and the other is called the Middle Stubbing and contains by survey Six acres two roods and three perches now in the occupation of the said John Booth with the Rights Members and Appurtenances to the same belonging And all their and each of their estate right title and interest whatsoever of in and to the same To the use and behoof of the said John Booth and of Rachael his Wife and their Assigns for and during the term of their joint natural lives and the life natural of the longer liver of them two And from and after the decease of the survivor of them two To such uses intents and purposes as he the said John Booth shall by his last Will or other free Disposition declare limit or appoint And in default of such Will or Disposition To the use of the right Heirs of the said John Booth for ever To which said John Booth the Lord by his Steward there granted seizin thereof by a Rod according to the custom of the said Manor To Have and to Hold to him and the said Rachael his Wife and their Assigns during their joint lives and the life of the longer liver of them two with remainders as aforesaid according to the same custom of the Lord of the said Manor for the time being by the rents and services therefore before due and of right accustomed and they gave to the Lord for a fine for such estate and entry two shillings and so they are admitted Tenants thereof.

By

[Signature of Geo. Walkden]

Steward

 

 

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