University of Nottingham
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 Closed Projects


Collaboration with industrial partners and universities (UK & Europe) throughout the years has led to the establishment of the MCM group as a high profile research team. Numerous successful projects have been completed in the field of advanced machining (energy beam processing, diamond and ultra-hard compounds, bone cutting, etc.), and multidisciplinary projects related to robotics and repair of high value industrial installations (e.g. aeroengines).


Funded projects


Aeroengine compressor blades are sometimes damaged by ingested debris. Damaged blades can currently be repaired by highly-skilled Rolls-Royce engineers that travel to the location of the engine to remove the defect using slender grinding tools, an operation known as boreblending. Remote Inspection and Engine Repair is a project that aims to develop a portable, remotely controllable boreblending robot. Led by Rolls-Royce and funded by the ATI, the project aims to reduce the downtime associated with boreblending by allowing engineers to perform the task remotely over the internet.

The remote boreblending robot was demonstrated on a Trent XWB engine in Rolls-Royce, Derby, in January 2018.

Participant organization names:

Funbder: Innovate UK and Aerospace Technology Institute 



This project is focused on the development of a process for the fabrication of personalised intervertebral spine implants using robotic technology and bone tissue; in order to achieve full biocompatibility in the treatment of spine injuries and chronic degenerative diseases.

The outcomes include intellectual property application, a dissemination strategy for the academic results, the enhancement of the scientific and innovative competencies of students and researchers in both sides of the collaboration and the improvement of a mutual research line dedicated to the development of medical devices for developing countries.

Participant organization names:

Funder: British Council - CONACYT


STEEP (Synergetic Training network on Energy Beam Processing: from modelling to industrial applications)

 The STEEP project is a Marie Curie Initial Training Network aimed to develop researchers in  field of energy beam processing (pulsed laser ablation, abrasive waterjet and focussed ion beam). This involves both multi-disciplinary scientific training, secondments in both academia and industry and tailored courses in complementary skills.

The overall aim of the STEEP Initial Training Network is to establish a transnational research and training platform for the formation and career development of young researchers on energy beam (EB) processing methods - laser, abrasive waterjet machining and focused ion beam machining - which together represent a scientific field of critical importance for further advancement of European of high value-added manufacturing industry. 

Whilst these processes differ in nature, a set of key commonalities can be identified among them when considered as dwell-time dependent processes; this allows the approach of EB processes under a unitary technology umbrella. The key element that brings all the EB processing methods together under the STEEP umbrella is a unifying modelling platform of the footprints, as a result of energy beam - workpiece interactions, followed by the development of an original beam path simulator.

Participant organization names:

Funder: European Comission

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MiRoR (Miniaturised Robotic systems for holistic in-situ Repair and maintenance works in restrained and hazardous environments)

MiRoR (Miniaturised Robotic systems for holistic in-situ Repair and maintenance works in restrained and hazardous environments) aims to develop a novel concept of a Miniaturised Robotic Machine (Mini-RoboMach) system that will be demonstrated for holistic in-situ repair and maintenance of large and intricate installations.

Participant organization names:

Funder: European Comission

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DIPLAT (Enabling advanced functionalities of Diamond and other ultra-hard materials by Integrated Pulsed Laser Ablation Technologies)

 Diamond and other ultra-hard materials (e.g. cubic boron nitride) possess outstanding mechanical, wear and thermal properties that make them attractive to manufacture a wide range of high value-added products such as high-performance, smart tooling. However, due to the extreme properties of this group of materials, efficient and precise generation of complex 3D freeform geometries and structures to meet the needs for further development of high-performance tools is still a challenge.

DIPLAT addresses the need for an efficient, precise and flexible processing technology for ultra-hard materials in tooling applications, in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials. By smartly utilizing the developments of high brilliance short and ultra-short pulsed lasers, a tooling technology based on 3D Pulsed Laser Ablation (PLA) will be developed and demonstrated for various industrial applications. DIPLAT will introduce whole new technology platform for producing ultra-hard tools with enhanced functionality, outstanding machining performance and superior lift-time.

Participant organization names:

Funder: EU FP7

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Innovative control philosophies that enhance the capabilities of niche processing methods are of critical importance for EU manufacturers of high value added products made of advanced engineered materials.

High Energy Fluid Jets (HEFJet) processing is a niche technology with outstanding capabilities: cuts any material at negligible cutting forces; generates virtual zero heat; uses the abrasive jet plume as a “universal tool”. Nevertheless, freeform machining by High Energy Fluid Jets Milling (HEFJet_Mill) is still at infancy level. This is because no control solution for HEFJet_Mill exists.

ConforM-Jet has developed and demonstrated, for the first time, a self-learning control system for HEFJet_Mill to generate freeform parts. This has been done by integrating models of HEFJet_Mill with patterns of multi-sensory signals to control the outcomes of jet plume – workpiece interaction, i.e. magnitude and shape of abraded footprint; these are key issues in controlling the generation of freeforms via HEFJet_Mill. 

Participant organization names:

Funder: EU FP7


 Student projects

Closed Projects List

 Project Title Year

On Modelling and experimentation of planar grinding using abrasive pads with grits of defined geometries and distributions for enabling controlled surface texture.

Student's name: Yuchen Zhou 


Fabrication of Nanomaterial-impregnated vitrified CBN grinding wheel in strong magnetic field and wheel grinding.

Student's name: Li Haonan


Resaerch on bone cutting and a novel tool development.

Student's name: Zhirong Liao


Laser process optimisation for in-situ repair of aero-engine components.

Student's name: David Gilbert


Method for in-situ balancing of rotatives by use of an on-the-fly pulsating material removal process.

Student's name: Moritz Carl Stoesslein


Variation conscious assembly fixturing methodologies for the preliminary weld proceesses of segmented ring structures.

Student's name: Stewart Lowth


Stochastic modelling of abrasive waterjet controlled-depth machining.

Student's name: Pablo Lozano Torrubia


Control of navigation and feeding actions of a continuum arm for in-situ repair.

Student's name: David Palmer


Numerigal and experimental study of an innovative fixturing system for components with complex geometries.

Student's name: Andres Gameros


Design of contiuum robot for in-situ repair of aero engine.

Student's name: Xin Dong


An analysis of a walking parallel kinematic machine tool. 

Student's name: Adam Rushworth


On design and simulation of passive damping solutions for milling of thin-walled parts. 

Student's name: Kiran Kolluru


Pulsed laser ablation(PLA) of ultra-hard structures: Generation of damage-tolerant freeform surfaces for advanced machining application. 

Student's name: Manuela Pacella


Influence of  anomalies from hole drilling operations on fatigue performance for a nickel-based superalloy in aeroengine disc application. 

Student's name: Chris Herbert


Modelling of Abrasive waterjet milled footprints. 

Student's name: Saqib Anwar


Solid diamond micro-abrasive tools cenerated by energy beam ablation.

Student's name: Paul Buttler-Smith


Development of a miniature low forge machining system for in-situ maintenange.

Student's name: John Allen


Response of special purpose aerospace materials to abrasive waterjet machining 

Student's name: Carol Kong


The development of a manufacturabilty analysis system for micro-milling 

Student's name: Syaimak Abdul Ahukor


On understanding the mechanisms affecting surface integrity during hole making operations on an advanced Ni-based superalloy.

Student's name: Julian Marinescu


Investigation of monitoring techniques for the detection of tool/workpiece malfunctions in milling of heat resistant alloys.

Student's name: Jacky King Chung Jwong 






Machining and Condition Monitoring

Faculty of Engineering
Jubilee Campus
Nottingham, NG8 1BB