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Simeon Zahl

Assistant Professor of Systematic Theology, Faculty of Arts

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Biography

I began my academic career at Harvard University, where I received an A.B. degree in the History and Literature of Modern Germany. I moved to the UK in 2004 for a Ph.D. in Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Cambridge (Peterhouse), which I completed under the supervision of David Ford and Ben Quash.

After completing my doctorate, I held a post-doc at the University of Cambridge from 2008-11. At Cambridge I lectured and supervised for a wide range of courses in systematic and historical theology and continued my research into the theology of the Holy Spirit.

From 2011-16 I was Junior Research Fellow in Theology and Religion at St John's College at the University of Oxford. At Oxford I lectured and examined across the modern theology curriculum. In recognition of my teaching, I was recipient of a Teaching Excellence Award from the University of Oxford Humanities Division in 2015. During this period I also co-directed a British Academy-funded project at Oxford on the Holy Spirit in protestant theology and history from 1500-1900, and spent a semester in Hong Kong as Visiting Professor of Theology at the China Graduate School of Theology.

I arrived at the University of Nottingham in 2016 as Assistant Professor of Systematic Theology. I currently serve as Director of Postgraduate Taught Programmes and Director of our thriving Distance Learning M.A. Programmes.

Expertise Summary

My primary areas of research are modern Christian theology and the history of protestant theology from the Reformation to the present.

Within these areas, I have published on a variety of topics, including: theologies of the Holy Spirit; religious experience, emotion, and affect; the role of the subjectivity in theological knowledge production; Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon; theologies of grace; theological interpretation of Scripture; Pentecostal theology and its background; the role of the nineteenth century in shaping modern Christian thought; and contemporary systematic and constructive theology. I welcome enquiries for postgraduate study in any of these areas.

Teaching Summary

Distance Learning M.A. in Systematic and Philosophical Theology

Much of my teaching is focused on the Distance Learning M.A. in Systematic and Philosophical Theology, where I usually teach the following modules:

  • Systematic and Philosophical Theology for Newcomers
  • Aquinas and Thomisms
  • Research Methods and Resources
  • La Nouvelle Theologie
  • Faith and Reason

I am also currently developing two new modules for the Distance Learning M.A., which will become available over the next 12-18 months:

  • Reformation Theology
  • Theology of the Holy Spirit

Undergraduate Teaching

My undergraduate modules in 2017-18 are:

  • Theology and Ethics in the Modern World
  • Great Religious Debates

In 2018-19 I will also teach a new upper level module on Christology.

Research Summary

I am likely to be on research leave between August 2019 and January 2020.

My current academic research focuses on the themes of the Holy Spirit, affect and religious experience, and the nature of doctrine in contemporary theology,

My major project is a monograph for Oxford University Press entitled The Holy Spirit and Christian Experience. The book argues for a new way of taking account of the subjectivity of the theologian in theology through attention to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit and to the irreducibility of affective factors in theological reasoning. In this it provides a way of navigating between the experientially powerful but uncritical approach of Pentecostal and charismatic theologies and the wariness about 'experience' in modern theology since Barth. This approach has significant implications for a number of contemporary theological issues, including the debate between forensic and participatory theologies of salvation; theology's relationship to spirituality, to cognitive science, and to affect theory; dialogue with Pentecostal theologies; and the plausibility of traditional Christian claims in the context of modernity.

A preliminary account of this approach can be found in my article 'On the affective salience of doctrines'. This article builds on insights from postliberal theology to draw attention to the way that theological arguments are illuminated through paying explicit attention to the affective impact of particular theological positions in the lives of Christians and the practices of the church, both historically and today.

Selected Publications

  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2015. On the Affective Salience of Doctrines Modern Theology. 31(3), 428-44
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2016. The Bondage of the Affections: Willing, Feeling, and Desiring in Luther's Theology, 1513-1525. In: COULTER, DALE and YONG, AMOS, eds., The Spirit, the Affections, and the Christian Tradition University of Notre Dame Press. 181-205
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2017. Experience. In: RASMUSSEN, JOEL, WOLFE, JUDITH and ZACHHUBER, JOHANNES, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Nineteenth Century Christian Thought Oxford University Press. 177-95
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2010. Pneumatology and Theology of the Cross in the Preaching of Christoph Friedrich Blumhardt: the Holy Spirit between Wittenberg and Azusa Street T&T Clark/Continuum.

Research Supervision

I warmly welcome enquiries for postgraduate study in the general areas of modern Christian theology and protestant theology from the Reformation to the present. Within these areas, I have particular interests in a number of topics, including:

  • Theologies of the Holy Spirit
  • Reformation theology, especially Luther and Melanchthon
  • Religious experience, emotion, and affect
  • Theology in dialogue with affect theory or cognitive science
  • Theological interpretation of Scripture
  • Soteriology and theologies of grace
  • Pentecostal theology and its historical background
  • Protestantism and modernity
  • Theology and spirituality
  • Nineteenth century theology
  • Contemporary systematic and constructive theology

Past Research

From the start of my career I have been interested in protestant theology's difficulties in articulating a compelling account of the Holy Spirit, and in taking seriously the subjectivity of the theologian. My first monograph (Pneumatology and Theology of the Cross in the Preaching of Christoph Friedrich Blumhardt) is a study of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit in the thought of Lutheran Pietist theologian and 'faith healer' Christoph F. Blumhardt (1842-1919), whose theology and ministry represented a powerful modern attempt to bridge the divide between classical protestant approaches to the Spirit and pietist and charismatic ones, through attention to the problem of self-deception in charismatic experience, with significant theological as well as political implications.

At Oxford I turned to the sixteenth century, to Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon's debates about affective spirituality and inner encounter with the Holy Spirit. I focused especially on their ambivalence about the affections and 'the heart' in light of the doctrine of justification, and on the legacy of this ambivalence in later protestant debates about 'enthusiasm'. This work has borne fruit in a book chapter ('The Bondage of the Affections: Willing, Feeling, and Desiring in Luther's Theology, 1513-1525'), a forthcoming article on justification and 'the nature of Protestantism' in New Blackfriars, and an article under review on Luther's appeal to theological experience in his critique of virtue ethics.

In addition to this, in recent years I have written two Oxford Handbook articles, one on the doctrine of the atonement in modern European thought and one on 'experience' in nineteenth century Christian theology, as well as two further book chapters on theological interpretation of Scripture. I also have an ongoing interest in Scriptural Reasoning, an inter-faith dialogue practice involving Muslims, Jews, and Christians, and served as chair of the Scriptural Reasoning Group at the American Academy of Religion from 2012-17.

Future Research

Following the completion of The Holy Spirit and Christian Experience, my research will move in two main directions.

First is a monograph on Luther and Modern Theology, which will examine the ways in which Luther incorporates subjectivity and experience in theological knowledge production, in order to critique ways that metaphysical considerations are often uncritically prioritized in contemporary theology and ethics.

Second will be a collaboration with Donovan Schaefer at the University of Pennsylvania which will draw on affect theory as well as recent psychological science on emotion and embodiment to demonstrate the value of attention to affect for reconfiguring the relationship between theology and religious studies.

  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2018. Revisiting 'the Nature of Protestantism': Justification by Faith Five Hundred Years On New Blackfriars. (In Press.)
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2017. Experience. In: RASMUSSEN, JOEL, WOLFE, JUDITH and ZACHHUBER, JOHANNES, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Nineteenth Century Christian Thought Oxford University Press. 177-95
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2016. The Bondage of the Affections: Willing, Feeling, and Desiring in Luther's Theology, 1513-1525. In: COULTER, DALE and YONG, AMOS, eds., The Spirit, the Affections, and the Christian Tradition University of Notre Dame Press. 181-205
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2015. On the Affective Salience of Doctrines Modern Theology. 31(3), 428-44
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2014. The Drama of Agency: Affective Augustinianism and Galatians. In: ELLIOTT, MARK, HAFEMANN, SCOTT, WRIGHT, N.T. and FREDERICK, JOHN, eds., Galatians and Christian Theology: Justification, the Gospel, and Ethics in Paul's Letter Baker Academic. 335-52
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2013. Atonement. In: ADAMS, NICHOLAS, PATTISON, GEORGE and WARD, GRAHAM, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Theology and Modern European Thought Oxford University Press. 611-32
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2013. What has the 'Lutheran' Paul to do with John? Passive Righteousness and Abiding in the Vine. In: ZAHL, SIMEON, GREGGS, TOM and MUERS, RACHEL, eds., The Vocation of Theology Today: A Festschrift for David Ford Cascade. 61-74
  • GREGGS, TOM, MUERS, RACHEL and ZAHL, SIMEON, eds., 2013. The Vocation of Theology Today: A Festschrift for David Ford Cascade.
  • GREGGS, TOM, MUERS, RACHEL and ZAHL, SIMEON, 2013. Introduction. In: GREGGS, TOM, MUERS, RACHEL and ZAHL, SIMEON, eds., The Vocation of Theology Today: A Festschrift for David Ford Cascade.
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2013. Truth and Love: the Many Instruments of the Spirit. In: BREWER, TODD and KOCH, JOHN D., eds., Comfortable Words: Essays in Honor of Paul F.M. Zahl Cascade. 133-46
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2011. The Spirit and the Cross: Engaging a Key Critique of Charismatic Pneumatology. In: WILLIAMS, JANE, ed., The Holy Spirit in the World Today SPTC Books. 133-46
  • FORD, DAVID, HIGTON, MIKE and ZAHL, SIMEON, eds., 2011. The Modern Theologians Reader Wiley-Blackwell.
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2010. Pneumatology and Theology of the Cross in the Preaching of Christoph Friedrich Blumhardt: the Holy Spirit between Wittenberg and Azusa Street T&T Clark/Continuum.
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2010. Rethinking 'Enthusiasm': Christoph Blumhardt on the Discernment of the Spirit International Journal of Systematic Theology. 12(3), 341-63
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2010. Religion, Identity, and Society: The Impact of Scriptures Forum Bosnae. 51, 162-67
  • ZAHL, SIMEON, 2010. Reformation Pietism or Pietist Personalism? The Problem of the Holy Spirit in Evangelical Theology. In: GREGGS, TOM, ed., New Perspectives for Evangelical Theology: Engaging with God, Scripture, and the World Routledge. 78-92

Department of Theology and Religious Studies

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