Please be aware that due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, some of the content on this page has been amended as part of the University's mitigation efforts. Where this applies, it will be clearly indicated within each section below.
Supervisors will provide guidance and assistance to PGRs so that they may carry out their research and present their results to the best advantage.
Every supervisor and every PGR will be provided with guidance on their respective roles and responsibilities.
2. Role of the supervisor
The general role of supervisors is to guide and assist PGRs during their period of registered study. The roles of supervisor and examiner are quite distinct and it is not one of the roles of the supervisor to assess the thesis.
The specific roles of supervisors may differ depending on the academic discipline, departmental practice and whether the member of staff is acting as lead, second, assistant, temporary or permanent supervisor. The lead supervisor (or delegate) will also consider requests for annual leave in line with School/Departmental policy.
3. Role of the assistant supervisor
Many postdoctoral research staff, level 4 Research Officers and research technicians make valuable contributions towards the supervision of the University’s PGRs.
The formal appointment of such staff as assistant supervisors as part of a supervisory team is intended to recognise and acknowledge this contribution and to identify the roles and responsibilities of assistant supervisors in order that this is clear to the candidate and all members of the supervisory team.
Assistant supervisors are responsible for:
- providing regular support and advice to PGRs. This may include guidance on welfare matters and health and safety.
- providing guidance on how to use equipment or specific research techniques and methods.
- helping PGRs to resolve difficulties they encounter and/or direct them to others who can assist.
- provide PGRs with informal feedback on their written work and/or presentations.
- where applicable, contributing to the reporting of progress of PGRs noting that the level of involvement with this will be agreed, in advance, with the lead and co-supervisor(s).
- encouraging PGRs to disseminate their research.
- engaging with professional development opportunities to develop their supervisory practice including any mandatory training requirements.
- ensuring they are familiar with policies and processes applicable to research degrees.
4. Continuing professional development
All supervisors must undertake continuing professional development, so that their work as a supervisor is supported.
Supervisors should take the initiative in updating their knowledge and skills by participating in a range of appropriate activities and sharing good practice.
More information on support for research supervisors can be found here:
5. Documentation check
At the outset the supervisor should check that the candidate has received information sent by the University concerning registration and that they have registered for that session.
Before or at initial registration or, at the latest within four weeks of initial registration, supervisors should check that all their PGRs have received copies of essential documentation relevant to their research studies or have been informed where to locate them on the web. As a minimum, this should include: information about registration and services, the School Handbook, and any relevant safety advice.
For more information about registration, please consult the following:
Student Services - registration
6. Research plan
Includes: assistance; designing a programme of research; for full-time doctoral students
Supervisors will assist their PGRs to plan their research studies, including helping them to define their research topic, to identify schemes and specific tasks, to identify the relevant research literature, databases and other relevant sources, and to be aware of the standards in the discipline.
The supervisor and candidate should design a programme of research in which (subject to research progress and taking into account special cases) all or much of the thesis will have been written up by the candidate by the end of their period of registered study. The design of the programme of research should not at the outset plan to include any period of thesis pending that the candidate is entitled to.
For full-time doctoral candidates on a three year programme, it is expected that the completion of the entire doctoral examination process is completed within four years. The PGR may need to register for some taught modules or attend research training courses - the supervisor will advise them how to do this.
Note: Where the PGR's research has been impacted as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, the supervisor should help the PGR to adjust their plan and research design and advise them on how the impacts may be mitigated.
7. Advising on regulations
Includes: understanding and knowledge; responsibilities
Supervisors should have a reasonable knowledge and understanding of the University's regulations governing research study and the University, Faculty and departmental procedures governing research study and supervision.
They are required to advise their PGRs on these regulations and procedures or, if they feel a question is outside their knowledge, to direct their PGR to other sources such as Student Services (or Central Administration at UNM and the Graduate School at UNNC).
Supervisors also have a responsibility to ensure that other members of the supervisory team are kept informed of the candidate’s progress, and any issues which may be having an impact on their programme.
8. Advising on services and facilities
Includes: responsibilities; review of PGR needs
Supervisors should have a reasonable knowledge of and be able to advise their PGRs on the availability of the University's academic services and facilities (for example library and computing facilities) and how to make use of them.
The supervisors in conjunction with the PGR should keep under review the facilities which are required in order to carry out the research and make these needs known to the Head of School.
9. Minimum number of supervisions
Includes: responsibility to provide appropriate and regular supervision; requirements for part-time PGRs
Supervisors are responsible for providing appropriate and regular supervision for their PGRs during their period of registered study, and for being accessible at mutually convenient times to listen and offer advice.
Supervisors must provide their part-time candidates with a minimum of six recorded supervisions a year and their full-time candidates with a minimum of ten recorded supervisions a year, although it is expected that in many cases the actual number of meetings between supervisors and candidate’s may exceed these minima. These requirements may be modified under the rules for supervising students working off-site.
For more information about students working off-site, please consult the following:
Students studying in outside organisations
10. Format for supervisions
Includes: definition; purpose
A 'supervision meeting' is considered to be any simultaneous contact between the supervisor(s) and PGR. It would typically include face-to-face meetings, but can also include meetings conducted by Microsoft Teams, Skype, video-conference session etc.
It is important that at the supervision meetings the candidate’s progress to date and the future direction of their research is discussed.
There is no specified format for these meetings so, for example, a group meeting of PGRs or a progress seminar with the supervisors would be acceptable for some but not all of the formal meetings. In exceptional circumstances where meetings are not feasible, contact should be maintained, for example by telephone or e-mail.
11. Supervision record
Includes: reporting needs; annual review of PGRs
In order that proper audit of supervision provision can be carried out and so that supervisors may undertake continuous monitoring of their PGR’s progress, supervisors are required to ensure the maintenance of a supervision record of at least the minimum six (for part-time PGRs) or minimum ten (for full-time PGRs) supervision meetings a year (as appropriate).
Supervisors should advise their PGRs on the procedures for monitoring their progress which are described in the section of this Quality Manual entitled Annual review of research students.
(i) Supervision Records - attendance at supervision sessions and completion of supervision records;
(ii) Annual Reviews - annual review of progress and completion of the Annual Report Forms;
(iii) MPhil and doctoral registration - procedures for upgrading or downgrading candidates and for confirming MPhil or doctoral registration.
Supervisors may, from time to time, be required to provide reports on their PGR’s progress for other purposes and to other agencies, for example, the Research Councils and other sponsors. Such reports should be provided within the required deadline to ensure, in particular, that the continuation of candidate’s funding by outside agencies is not compromised.
For more information about the annual review of research students, please consult the following:
Annual review of research students
12. Training needs
Includes: discussing personal, academic and professional skills; PGR training programme; research ethics; Code of research conduct and research ethics
The supervisor should discuss with the PGR what personal, academic and professional skills training they require in order to complete their research degree and to provide a skills base for a future career.
The supervisor should agree with the candidate a research training programme which is compatible with the PGRs needs and which is achievable in relation to the research commitments within the limits of their registered period of study, making it clear where attendance at training courses is compulsory or voluntary. This programme should be reviewed each year.
The supervisors should take reasonable steps to ensure that the PGR’s training needs are met - normally such training will be delivered within the University and the supervisor should, therefore, be aware of any research training offered through the Researcher Academy, the Doctoral Training Centre/Programme, the Faculty and the School.
The supervisor should also ensure that the PGR receives adequate training in research ethics and is given assistance in applying for ethical approval if appropriate.
For more information, please consult the following:
Code of research conduct and research ethics
Includes: correct procedures; seeking advice
The supervisor(s) should be aware of and advise the PGR of the correct safety procedures pertaining to their research and, if in doubt, should seek advice from the Head of School, School Safety Officer, University Safety Office or University of Malaysia (UNM)/University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC) Safety Committee as appropriate.
14. Meetings, conferences and publication
The supervisor(s) should encourage and facilitate the PGR to engage with relevant academics that will support their doctoral research and future career development.
This could be through encouraging attendance at seminars, meetings and conferences; introducing them to relevant individuals and professional networks and encouraging them to publish the results of their research.
Where appropriate supervisors should also support the PGRs to participate in public and policy engagement activities or undertake placements and internships that will enable them to develop their broader research experiences.
15. Written work
The supervisor should request written work as appropriate, and read and provide constructive criticism on it within a reasonable time.
16. Supervision during thesis pending period
Includes: minimum number of meetings; the role of proof readers
During the thesis pending period PGRs are entitled to a minimum of six meetings (either face to face or electronic) with their supervisors and for the supervisors to read and comment on one draft of the candidate’s thesis prior to submission.
There is no entitlement to supervision with regard to the resubmission of a thesis.
The Role of Proof Readers
A proof-reader may only ensure that the meaning of the author is not misrepresented due to the quality and standard of the English used. This can include correcting spelling and basic grammar errors.
Inaccuracies in academic content should not be corrected nor should the structure of the piece of work be changed; doing so may result in a charge of plagiarism.
17. Thesis presentation
Supervisors should advise candidate’s on the timing, construction and form of presentation of their thesis and should check that they receive a copy of the University's guidance on presenting a thesis, from Student Services (or Central Administration at University of Nottingham Malaysia (UNM) or Graduate School at University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC).
18. Examination of Thesis
The supervisor is responsible for advising the internal examiner whether the electronic version of the thesis can be shared with the external examiner.
19. Submission of data
Supervisors should ensure that, in circumstances where it is appropriate to the discipline, the PGR is aware of the requirement to submit all data collected during the period of study as a PGR of this University, to their School prior to arrangement of the viva voce examination.
Includes: PGR supervision record document; Research supervisor resources