Biography of Robert Monckton (c.1659-1722)
- Robert Monckton (c.1659-1722)
- John Monckton, 1st Viscount Galway (1695-1751)
- Richard Arundell (1696-1758)
- William Monckton-Arundell, 2nd Viscount Galway (1725-1772)
- General Robert Monckton (1726-1782)
- Henry William Monckton-Arundell, 3rd Viscount Galway (1749-1774)
- Robert Monckton-Arundell, 4th Viscount Galway (1758-1810)
- William George Monckton-Arundell, later Monckton, 5th Viscount Galway (1782-1834)
- George Edward Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 6th Viscount Galway (1805-1876)
- George Edmund Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway (1844-1931)
- George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882-1943)
- Simon George Robert Monckton-Arundell, 9th Viscount Galway (1929-1971)
Robert Monckton was the eldest son of Sir Philip Monckton of Cavil and Hodroyd, Yorkshire.
In the 1680s he went into exile in Holland, returning as part of the invading army of William, Prince of Orange. He was given an army commission by the Prince in November 1688. As a reward for his support for the Glorious Revolution in 1688 he was appointed as a Commissioner for Trade and Plantations.
Monckton served as M.P. for Pontefract (where the family had an interest) from 1695 but was defeated in the election in 1698. His alliance with John Holles, Duke of Newcastle, led to his nomination for the Newcastle-controlled seat of Aldborough, for which he was elected in 1701, sitting until 1713.
He was dropped as the candidate for Aldborough following the death of Newcastle in 1711, when he lost the support of Newcastle's widow and his heir Thomas Pelham. He stood for Pontefract in 1713 but was defeated in the election.
Monckton sat on the Board of Trade from 1707 until he was removed, following a controversy involving alleged corruption on the part of Lord Bolingbroke, in 1713.
He married Theodosia, daughter and co-heir of John Fountaine of Melton, near Hull, East Yorkshire, and had (amongst other children):
- John (1695-1751), later 1st Viscount Galway
- Title deeds, settlements, estate and legal papers relating to Robert Monckton's ownership of his estates are part of the Galway papers held in Manuscripts and Special Collections at the University of Nottingham
- There do not appear to be any published works about Robert Monckton