The 3Rs

PhD student working in a greenhouse

Research the 3Rs in the Nottingham BBSRC DTP

The 3Rs refers to the replacement, refinement and reduction of animals in research. The principles of the 3Rs are now recognised as the international criteria for humane animal use in research and testing and within this research area, researchers will focus on studies aiming to reduce the use of animals in research and improving the welfare of experimental animals.

How to apply

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Doctoral Training Programme

The University of Nottingham
University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD

Tel: +44 (0) 115 8466946