Nottingham University Business School
  • Print

Nicole Lehmann

BA (Hons) Management with Asian Studies, Nottingham; MSc Business and Management (Distinction), Nottingham

Room: C30A (South Building)
Tel: +44 (0) 115 84

Current Status: Registered
Year of Registration: 2016
Expected Completion Date: /09/2019

Primary Funding Source:
Business School Scholarship

Research Topic:
The Muslimah Entrepreneur An intersectional analysis of the entrepreneurial process

Research Details:
This study focuses on the entrepreneurial activities of Muslim women and explores how gender and religion contribute to Muslim women's social positioning. Entrepreneurship is not a neutral phenomena but rather class, gender, race and ethnicity inherently shape the entrepreneurial process. Entrepreneurial activities thus need to be understood within a social context and resources are not equally valuable and accessible to different actors. For women especially gender has been shown to influence their experiences of entrepreneurial activities as for example domestic and labour market relations are inherently gendered and thus limit women's access to resources. Women are though no homogeneous group and intersectionality has long criticised the overfocus on a single categories of difference, such as gender, and argues for incorporating the intersectional effects of various social categories of difference. The ethnic entrepreneurship literature then highlights how ethnicity as a form of social belonging is particularly highlighted for minorities and shapes their social positioning and consequent engagement in entrepreneurial activities, who often due to constraints in the labour market have to rely on ethnic social networks. Even though gender and ethnicity have been extensively explored in the entrepreneurship literature, little consideration has been given to the role of religion. Despite studies initially arguing for secularisation, religion still acts as an important form of social belonging and identification within society. Particularly due to the rise of islamophobia and stereotypes surrounding Muslim women, religion is expected to intersect with gender as to shape Muslim women's entrepreneurial activities and social positioning, a gap this study aims to address.

Research Supervisor/s: Anna Soulsby and Jeannie Holstein

Division: Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management

Return to list of PhD Students


Nottingham University Business School

Jubilee Campus

telephone: +44 (0) 115 846 6602
fax: +44 (0) 115 846 6667