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Browse Learning Objects

Our learning objects have been developed over the last 10 years using various platforms. You may find you need to download a Flash plugin (Opens in a new windows) to view some of the older ones, or try a different browser.

RLO Title RLO Description Release Date Action
ACCEThe ACCE framework is a helpful model in order to emphasise the key components of a genetic test evaluation. The guiding principle of the ACCE framework is that the evaluation of genetic tests should be an integrated approach including all domains.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Acids, Alkalis and Bases: an IntroductionDefining and explaining acids, bases, and alkalis, from an ionic standpoint, and introducing the pH scale.

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2017-05-31Access this RLO
Acids, Alkalis and Bases: Further ApplicationExamining the operation and application of acids, bases and alkalis, including neutralisation, acid/base reactions, and salts.

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2017-05-31Access this RLO
Action of drugs that target carriersThis learning resource introduces carriers as a target for drug action and describes how carriers function and how drugs utilise these carriers.

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2010-11-25Access this RLO
Action of drugs that target enzymesTo describe how enzymes function and how drug inhibitors block this action.

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2010-03-11Access this RLO
Action of drugs that target ion channelsThis learning resource introduces ion channels as target for drug action.

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2010-12-03Access this RLO
Advanced literature searchingHow to construct literature search enquiries using the thesaurus, focus or explode your search, use the search term taxonomy to refine your search and combine these methods into an advance search protocol.

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2008-06-05Access this RLO
Alcohol as a public health issueThis learning resource will increase your knowledge and understanding of how alcohol impacts on public health in a physical, psychological and social way.

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2012-01-20Access this RLO
Alcohol Identification and Brief AdviceThis learning resource introduces the concept of IBA (Identification and Brief Advice) and demonstrates the importance of communication skills and an informal approach when using AUDIT and delivering brief advice.

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2012-01-20Access this RLO
An introduction to receptor pharmacologyTo describe the different types of receptor which drugs target.

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2009-10-08Access this RLO
Aseptic Non-Touch TechniqueIntroduces the concept of ANTT, used to prevent infection during clinical procedures; includes a video demonstration.

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2007-09-03Access this RLO
Asking the right questionThis RLO outlines why asking the right question can help in the search for evidence, and explains how to construct good questions using the PICO technique.

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2010-06-11Access this RLO
Assessing risk and managing safety with children and young people admitted with self-harmThis RLO is part of the Our care through our eyes (OCTOE), series of resources. This resource will equip registered children's nurses, student nurses and other health professionals with information about how to assess and manage risk with children and young people admitted to children's wards with self-harm.

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2016-11-25Access this RLO
Atomic BondingExamining ionic, covalent and mixed bonding in atoms.

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2007-03-15Access this RLO
Baby first!A resource designed to help healthcare professionals to support families over the first important year of life when their baby has an intellectual disability.

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2010-07-20Access this RLO
Bacteria and viruses comparedIntroduces and compares the structural components associated with bacteria and viruses by allowing users to "build" their own.

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2007-04-23Access this RLO
BioavailabilityIntroduction to the concept of the bioavailability of drugs.

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2004-04-01Access this RLO
Birth PrevalenceThis RLO explores the concept of birth prevalence, a special type of prevalence defined as "the percentage of a given population who have a particular disease in a given population at a given point in time or over a particular time period."

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2002-06-10Access this RLO
BMI measurementThis resource will explore the process of BMI measurement within healthcare, the different methods available to calculate BMI and some of the issues that influence its measurement.

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2011-10-07Access this RLO
Case note review using the Trigger ToolTo familiarise potential users of the Trigger Tool with identifying triggers and assigning levels of harm

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2010-09-22Access this RLO
Case series and cross-sectional studiesCase series typically involve a much smaller number of patients than the more powerful case-control study or Randomised controlled trial (RCT). In this design patients with a known exposure to a treatment are tracked prospectively to identify new forms of disease or adverse effects. Case series can also be retrospective - here medical records are examined to identify a link between exposure and disease.

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2018-06-14Access this RLO
Case-control studiesThis resource looks at cases (diseased subjects) and controls (non-diseased subjects) and investigates their exposure status.

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2017-09-12Access this RLO
Cell DivisionTo identify the importance of cell division and briefly describe mitosis and meiosis.

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2005-09-01Access this RLO
Childhood obesityExamines the issue of childhood obesity from the perspectives of the biomedical, behavioural and socio-economic models of health

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2009-02-04Access this RLO
Chronic wound assessmentThis learning object outlines the principles of wound assessment and healing.

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2011-08-17Access this RLO
Clean your handsThe University of Nottingham has produced a DVD aimed at patients, healthcare workers and hospital visitors, which is being shown on plasma screens and bedside televisions in wards. The video outlines the importance of hand hygiene, and the practical steps that everyone can take to reduce the chances of damaging infections, such as MRSA and clostridium dificile, being passed to patients by healthcare workers and visitors. It's aimed at patients, healthcare workers and hospital visitors, and will also be useful for health care students in preparation for practice.

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2009-08-06Access this RLO
Clinical impact of changes in drug clearanceExamines some of the factors which affect total body clearance of a drug and how this, in turn, influences a drug's clinical impact.

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2009-01-20Access this RLO
Clinical importance and receptor location within the cellThis learning object illustrates the clinical importance of receptor location in relation to the speed of drug action in practice.

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2009-03-11Access this RLO
Clinical Utility of Genetic InformationClinical Utility refers to the likelihood that genetic information will lead to an improved health outcome. Evaluating clinical utility involves defining issues that need to be considered with the introduction of genetic information into routine practice.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Cohort and case-controlled studiesThis RLO explains what are case-control and cohort studies, and outlines the difference between them.

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2010-06-11Access this RLO
Communication - Caring for people with dementia in the general hospitalThis RLO looks at people with dementia who experience difficulties in both understanding others and saying what they want to say. This usually progresses as the disease progresses. This RLO looks at problems people with dementia experience when communicating and strategies healthcare professionals can use to improve their communication.

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2015-09-04Access this RLO
Components of a Respiratory AssessmentThis rlo identifies the components of a respiratory assessment and briefly describe what happens at each stage in the assessment.

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2010-07-27Access this RLO
Concentration gradientsThis RLO describes the concept of concentration gradients in biological systems through analogy with gradients found in everyday life, and outlines passive and active transport across cell membranes.

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2005-05-01Access this RLO
Confidence intervalsThis RLO defines the term 'confidence intervals' and demonstrates how they can be used to determine the significance and range of possible sizes of a treatment effect.

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2017-09-04Access this RLO
Critical ReflectionThis resource is aimed primarily at students in healthcare practice to get them to reflect on their experiences and practice. The package explores the meaning and process of critical reflection, described by one author as "the process of looking back on what has been done and pondering on it and learning lessons from what did or did not work". The package has sections on areas such as Reflective Models (Gibbs, Johns, Driscoll), Self-assessment Tools, Practical Skills, and many other topics.

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2009-11-09Access this RLO
Cross-tabular dataThis RLO examines how survey or experimental data can be converted to cross tabular data, and the steps involved in this process. It also examines how to present it in a way that is useful for recognising patterns and representing graphically.

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2007-01-25Access this RLO
Crossword - Introduction to Receptor PharmacologyThis RLO uses a crossword to assess your knowledge about the different receptor types and how drugs interact with them.

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2009-05-05Access this RLO
Dementia and Cognitive Loss - Caring for people with dementia in the general hospitalDementia is very common. A quarter of general hospital in-patients have cognitive impairment, Dementia or dementia complicated by delirium. Almost all healthcare professionals who look after adults will encounter patients with these problems, we all need the knowledge and skills to care for them.

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2015-09-04Access this RLO
Descriptive statistics for interval and ratio scale dataDescribing the use of measures of central tendency - mean, mode, median - and dispersion - range, Standard Deviation.

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2005-05-01Access this RLO
Designing a QuestionnaireThis RLO introduces good practice in questionnaire design, step by step.

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2006-02-01Access this RLO
Determining the clinical importance of trial resultsThis RLO demonstrates how to interpret and use clinical trial data (ARR, RRR, NNT, NNH, and confidence intervals) in practice.

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2007-03-14Access this RLO
Digital Remains: The technological traces we leave behindDo you ever wonder what happens to our personal digital content when we die? This resource explores the many issues arising from digital identity and content, and how it might be accessed by the bereaved. This RLO is an output of a research project led in Nottingham by Morna O'Connor about death, dying and bereavement and the role of technology in health.

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2016-01-06Access this RLO
Discovering and understanding under-served communitiesThis resource will help you to improve your awareness and understanding of individuals who are under-served and the health challenges they face. It will also help you reflect on how you can tailor your pharmacy's services to help these people.

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2018-06-15Access this RLO
DNAThis resource looks at techniques for detecting, copying, and sequencing DNA, including hybridisation and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Doctor/Patient RelationsUnderstanding various facets of the doctor-patient relationship and factors that facilitate and impede the success of that relationship. The RLO uses video clips to illustrate four styles of doctor-patient scenarios.

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2003-09-09Access this RLO
Drug-receptor interactionIntroduction to the interaction of cell receptors with drugs. This resource was first released in June 2004. It has been re-purposed by the Helm team in 2016.

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2016-12-06Access this RLO
Dying in hospitalThis learning resource ' Dying in Hospital' addresses the topic of the hospital as a place of death for frail older people and is based on some research findings from an Alzheimer's Society funded research study. A linked resource 'Every death is Different' is also available.

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2017-03-15Access this RLO
Dyma SteveWelsh Translation of "This is Steve" Mae'r adnodd dysgu ailddefnyddiadwy hwn yn dangos y math o wybodaeth y gallai rhywun ag anabledd dysgu fod eisiau i ofalwyr feddu arni cyn dod i ofalu amdanynt. Mae wedi ei ysgrifennu o safbwynt y defnyddiwr gwasanaeth gyda chymorth nyrs dan hyfforddiant. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/

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2011-02-02Access this RLO
Dyslexia and Workplace LearningHow dyslexia affects student nurses on placement and their mentors. Includes guidelines and strategies for mentors and students.

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2007-01-29Access this RLO
Educational JournalsThis learning object introduces educational journals and describes three types: Academic, Professional and Subject. The examples used are drawn from the area of social work, but the concepts are cross-discipline.

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2007-10-04Access this RLO
Effective communication with children and young people following self-harm admissionThis RLO is part of the Our care through our eyes (OCTOE), series of resources. This RLO will equip registered children's nurses, student nurses and other health professionals with communication skills and strategies to improve care for children and young people who are admitted to hospital following an incident of self-harm.

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2016-11-25Access this RLO
Elements that make up the human bodyIntroducing the periodic table of elements, and identifying the major elements involved in the human body and their roles

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2007-03-15Access this RLO
Events of the Menstrual CycleThis RLO describes the timing and main events for each of the phases of the menstrual cycle. It concentrates on the main events occurring in the ovary and uterine wall during these phases

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2008-03-11Access this RLO
Every death is differentThis learning resource 'Every death is Different' addresses the topic of the hospital as a place of death for frail older people and is based on some research findings from an Alzheimers Society funded research study. A linked resource ' Dying in Hospital' is also available.

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2017-02-28Access this RLO
Exploring the synapseDescribe the events during the transmission of an impulse across a synapse

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2004-02-01Access this RLO
Fire safetyThis resource has been developed to help provide mandatory faculty based fire safety training at the University of Nottingham. It has been openly released as it is a useful general fire safety guide.

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2017-03-31Access this RLO
Food HygieneThis learning package is aimed at health care professionals whose role involves them in the preparation or delivery of food in a health care setting. The package will explore: The professional role in relation to food delivery, types of food contamination and their prevention, preventing the growth of microorganisms in or around food, safe storage and preparation of food in the health care setting and destroying microorganisms in and around food.

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2011-01-31Access this RLO
Fy nhŷ i, fy hawliau iWelsh translation of: My House, My Rights. Mae'r pecyn hwn yn mynd ar daith ryngweithiol o amgylch tŷ unigolyn gydag anableddau dysgu. Ym mhob ystafell caiff y dysgwr ei herio gan rai o'r ffyrdd y caiff hawliau unigolion ag anableddau dysgu eu diystyru gan ddarparwyr gofal iechyd yn eu cartrefi eu hunain. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg. http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/

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2011-02-02Access this RLO
G-protein linked receptorsThis learning object explains how G - proteins function in communication messages from membrane-bound receptors.

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2009-10-15Access this RLO
Gall rhywbeth bach wneud gwahaniaeth mawrWelsh translation of: Little things make a big difference. Mae'r adnodd dysgu ailddefnyddiadwy hwn yn seiliedig ar drafodaeth rhwng gweithiwr gofal iechyd a chleient gydag anableddau dysgu. Mae'n dangos pa mor bwysig yw hyd yn oed yr agweddau lleiaf ar gyfathrebu i greu trafodaeth gadarnhaol. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/

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2011-02-02Access this RLO
Gateways to healthA collection of 13 videos (Real Video format) with people talking about their chronic health problems:

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2006-05-08Access this RLO
Glomerular Filtration PressureThe RLO deals with the opposing forces within the glomerulus and the Bowmans capsule which together create the glomerular filtration pressure. The RLO builds on the Starlings Forces RLO by the same author and is intended to form the basis for a future RLO on glomerular filtration rate. This RLO was developed jointly with De Montfort University.

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2018-06-12Access this RLO
Glove useExplains the appropriate use of gloves in a clinical environment

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2007-04-24Access this RLO
Half-life of drugsTo understand the half-life of drugs and its relationship with volume of distribution and clearance.

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2004-03-01Access this RLO
Hand HygieneThis learning object demonstrates, through streaming video clips, practical hand hygiene techniques for infection control in healthcare settings. There are also interactive self-assessment quizzes

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2005-11-16Access this RLO
Heart FailureThis RLO deals with the pathophysiology of heart failure, drug treatments, and nursing management.

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2008-10-24Access this RLO
Hello My Name is TomThis resource gives an insight into the world of a young person with an Autistic Spectrum disorder (ASD). It concentrates on interaction with Tom, a young person with ASD, within the school environment. The RLO was created by a learning disability nursing student based on his interaction with a number of individuals with ASD. This RLO won the 2009 Fiona Law prize for student-led innovation awarded by the National Network of Learning Disability Nursing. This resource was re-purposed in 2016.

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2016-11-17Access this RLO
Hiv for NursesThis resource looks at the Basics of HIV, transmission Routes, Antiretrovirals and Nursing Practice including real life experiences of people living with HIV whilst in inpatient settings.

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2013-06-17Access this RLO
Home hazardsPresents a reconstructed scene of a home visited by a health visitor; the student seeks areas of concern identified by the health visitor.

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2007-08-30Access this RLO
Home VisitingThis RLO outlines the significance of home visiting as an essential component in a programme of formal health care, and contains realistic exercises based on home interiors.

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2007-04-20Access this RLO
HomeostasisIntroduction to the principles of homeostasis.

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2004-11-29Access this RLO
How ligand-gated ion channel receptors communicate messagesThis learning object explains how ligand-gated channel receptors signal messages.

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2010-06-28Access this RLO
How to conduct a literature searchPractical examples of searching databases of journal articles (eg CINAHL, BNI), including screen movies of actual searches.

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2007-07-27Access this RLO
Hydrogen BondingOutlining the nature of the hydrogen bond, how it differs from other molecular bonds, and its importance in biological molecules, particularly proteins.

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2007-11-16Access this RLO
Identifying Specific Genetic Variants Related to Disease SusceptibilityThis resource looks at genetic factors affecting susceptibility to disease.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Identifying triggers for behaviour that challenges in healthcare settingsThis resource on Identifying triggers for behaviour that challenges in healthcare settings is one in a series of 3, and focuses on the subject of working with Challenging Situations. It is primarily aimed at 1st year healthcare students.

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2016-10-18Access this RLO
Importance of Drug Receptor LocationThis the first Umbrella Learning Object (ULO) to be developed and contains the following Pharmacology RLO titles: Receptor location, Membrane Bound Receptors, Intracellular Receptors and Clinical importance and application.

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2009-03-13Access this RLO
Importance of intracellular receptor location to the speed of drug actionTo explain how binding of a drug to an intracellular receptor influences cellular activity and how this relates to the timing of drug action.

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2009-03-10Access this RLO
Importance of membrane bound receptors to the speed of drug actionTo determine the clinical importance of receptor location in determining the time of onset of drug effect.

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2009-03-09Access this RLO
Improving CareThis learning resource introduces the concept of improvement within health and social care. It shows how improvement may be initiated and evaluated. It also explains how improvement is everyone's concern, with small changes having the potential for large impact.

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2009-04-02Access this RLO
Improving patient safety: SBARThis RLO introduces and demonstrates how to use an approved framework for clinical communication known as SBAR

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2010-01-28Access this RLO
Improving your practiceThis learning resource will help you to look at your own practice, to identify areas for improvement. It focuses on the importance of getting the measurement strategy right in order to show any effects of your improvement ideas. It also highlights how improving practice relates to your professional development and the knowledge and skills framework.

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2009-04-03Access this RLO
IncidenceAn explanation of incidence as the measurement of disease frequency

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2002-04-24Access this RLO
Inflammatory responseDescribes the inflammatory response - a series of local cellular and vascular responses which are triggered when the body is injured or invaded by micro-organisms or antigen.

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2006-10-24Access this RLO
Informed consentConsent is a basic component of many types of every day encounter - but it is particularly relevant to the interaction between an individual and a healthcare professional (or someone acting on their behalf). This is because without consent many actions that are an integral part of healthcare, such as medical examination or treatment, are unlawful.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
International classification of functionInternational Classification of Function (ICF) is akin to the International Classification of Disease (ICD) used to classify diseases and mortality, but concentrates on health and combines psychosocial as well as biological theory. The two are interrelated and complimentary.

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2004-11-10Access this RLO
Intracellular and Extracellular buffersThis RLO outlines the main intracellular and extracellular buffering systems within the body and shows how trhe carbonic acid buffering system can be assessed

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2008-11-19Access this RLO
Intramuscular injection by the Z track techniqueIntramuscular injection by the Z track technique explains and demonstrates a safe technique for administering an intra-muscular injection.

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2009-02-04Access this RLO
Intramuscular Injection sites (for adults)Intramuscular Injection sites (for adults) is designed to help you correctly identify which muscles may be used to safely administer intramuscular injections.

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2009-05-19Access this RLO
Intramuscular injectionsThis learning resource is an example of a Umbrella learning object(ULO), and contains a series of learning objects developed by the Clinical Skills - Injections mini-project team based here at the University of Nottingham.

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2009-05-19Access this RLO
Introducing MetabolismThis learning resource looks at anabolic and catabolic metabolism. It describes the metabolic fate of energy substrates within the body and the relationships between subunits, storage and breakdown.

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2010-11-04Access this RLO
Introduction to childhood development - Grow-wise™This resource was developed as part of the Grow-wise project by the Helm, the Child Branch team here at the School and Nottingham County Council.

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2016-08-17Access this RLO
Introduction to drug clearanceProvides a definition of clearance and a basic explanation of the processes

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2008-09-18Access this RLO
Introduction to NociceptionThis learning object helps the learner to describe the main components of the nociceptive pathways.

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2009-06-12Access this RLO
Introduction to portfolios and their usesTo identify what a portfolio is, why they are used and to identify some pieces of material that may be used to support claims for learning and development.

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2008-12-19Access this RLO
Involving service users and carers in your teachingService users, carers and patients are increasingly involved in the education of health and social care professionals - just as their involvement is increasingly built in to the running of health and social care services. This learning package concentrates on preparation and practical issues for involving people with teaching and speaking to students.

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2012-07-30Access this RLO
Keeping physically activeThis RLO describes practical measures to build exercise into your daily routine. Part of the PAVE (Physical Activity Virtual Education) project.

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2009-11-12Access this RLO
Kidney AnatomyIntroduction to the external and internal anatomy of the kidney.

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2004-10-01Access this RLO
Kidney PhysiologyIntroduction to the physiology of the kidney, examining the processes by which the kidneys filter blood, control body pH and eliminate the waste products of metabolism from the body.

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2018-03-22Access this RLO
Kinase-linked receptorsThis learning resource explains the mechanism and action of kinase-linked receptors. It has been designed to work easily with the Core tool, an application currently under development. The Core tool will enable tutors to collect, organise and aggregate various resources and package them as one learning object.

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2010-12-22Access this RLO
Levels of MeasurementTo understand the different levels of measurement and the arithmetic operations that can be performed on them

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2003-09-01Access this RLO
Levels of Measurement: what you can and can't do arithmeticallyAn explanation of the statistical operations that can be performed on the different levels of measurement. This resource has been re-purposed and an HTML5 version has replaced the original version.

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2017-01-13Access this RLO
Little Things Make a Big DifferenceThis RLO is based around an interaction between a healthcare professional and a client with learning disabilities. It shows how important even small aspects of communication are in formulating a positive interaction.

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2010-04-12Access this RLO
Liver AnatomyIntroduction to the external and internal anatomy of the liver.

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2004-11-01Access this RLO
Liver PhysiologyIntroduction to the physiology of the liver, examining its role in filtering blood, metabolism, nutrient extraction and homeostasis.

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2004-11-01Access this RLO
Lock and Key HypothesisIntroducing the "lock and key" analogy of drug-receptor interaction, whereby only drugs of a certain molecular shape will 'fit' with a cell membrane receptor.

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2004-06-02Access this RLO
Managing challenging behaviour in healthcare settingsThis resource on managing challenging behaviour in healthcare settings is one in a series of 3, and focuses on the subject of working with Challenging Situations. It is primarily aimed at 3rd year healthcare students.

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2016-12-15Access this RLO
Measurement and identification of levels of alcohol consumptionThis learning resource will increase knowledge and understanding of how alcohol is measured and how levels of alcohol consumption can be quantified using an identification tool.

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2012-01-20Access this RLO
Measuring peak flowThis learning resource explains how to use peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) to measure respiratory function.

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2010-02-04Access this RLO
Meiosis: an interactive demonstrationThis is an interactive demonstration of the stages of cell mitosis. You can view the whole process in one continuous animation, or view the invidual stages one by one. This learning object is part of the Cell Division RLO, where it appears as a popup on the Meiosis page. There's also an interactive demonstration of Mitosis available.

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2005-09-09Access this RLO
Mentoring: Shaping practiceMentoring is an umbrella term which encompasses the activity of developing the learning of others. This RLO aims to support mentors develop and review their knowledge, understanding and skill base. It can also be used by students to develop their understanding of the mentoring role.

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2010-02-09Access this RLO
Meta-analysisThis RLO provides an introduction to the basic concepts of meta-analysis, which is an important and valuable tool for summarising data from multiple studies.

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2017-09-27Access this RLO
Midwife's abdominal examination in the antenatal periodThis RLO demonstrates how to perform the midwife's examination of the abdomen in the antenatal period. It includes video clips of an abdominal examination, and references to professional (NMC) and NICE guidelines where appropriate.

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2008-04-21Access this RLO
Mitosis: an interactive demonstrationThis is an interactive demonstration of the stages of cell mitosis. You can view the whole process in one continuous animation, or view the invidual stages one by one. This learning object is part of the Cell Division RLO, where it appears as a popup on the Mitosis page. There's also a demonstration of Meiosis available.

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2006-09-09Access this RLO
Moral TheoriesThe term 'ethics' broadly describes the way in which we look at and understand life, in terms of good and bad or right and wrong. Moral theories are the frameworks we use to justify or clarify our position when we ask ourselves "what should I do in this situation?" or "what is right or wrong for me?"

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Moving and handling in emergency situationsThis RLO introduces students to the principles and practice associated with moving a patient/client in an emergency situation, by revising and applying the principles of moving and handling to such scenarios

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2010-11-25Access this RLO
Moving and handling: application of principlesThis RLO explains the importance of applying good moving and handling principles. It describes the basic anatomy, physiology and functions of the spine and the effects of age/cumulative stress changes and their relevance to moving and handling.

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2010-11-25Access this RLO
My House, My RightsThis package takes an interactive journey through the house of an individual with learning disabilities. In each room the learner is challenged by some of the ways that the rights of individuals with LD are often disregarded by HCPs within their own homes.

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2009-06-25Access this RLO
Navigating NHS servicesThis RLO provides an introduction to NHS services for international students.

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2012-08-24Access this RLO
Numbers needed to treat and numbers needed to harmThis RLO considers how to measure and interpret the magnitude of effect in clinical trial results using number needed to treat (NNT) and number needed to harm (NNH).

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2017-08-17Access this RLO
OCTOE - Our care through our eyes - Complete seriesThis resources is the complete serries of the Our care through our eyes (OCTOE), project. It contains all three titles: Assessing risk and managing safety with children and young people admitted with self-harm Effective communication with children and young people following self-harm admission Understanding self-harm and care pathways for children and young people admitted to hospital.

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2016-11-25Access this RLO
Operating Theatre OrientationA short resource to help you orientate yourself within the operating theatre and connected rooms.

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Access this RLO
Osmosis and DiffusionExplaining the difference between the processes of diffusion and osmosis, and introducing the concepts of concentration gradients and tonicity.

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2004-06-02Access this RLO
Our ChildThis e-learning package is designed to empower parents who have a child with Down's syndrome and who are facing congenital heart surgery. It also takes parents and professionals on a journey through one family's story from diagnosis, surgery to living life to the full.

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2016-10-10Access this RLO
Pain Pathways ULOThis learning object describes the main components of the nociceptive pathways.

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2009-06-12Access this RLO
Parsons' Sick RoleThe concept, sources, criticisms and strengths of the sick role as developed by Talcott Parsons.

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2002-07-29Access this RLO
Participant and non-participant observation - making the right choiceThis RLO looks at Participant and non-participant observation and helps the learner to make the right choice.

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2014-04-02Access this RLO
PatentsThis resource examines the topic of patents, of particular relevance to medicine and pharmacology. A patent is a legal title that provides an inventor exclusive property rights to their invention for the length of the patent period.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
PenetranceThis resource examines the concept of penetrance, which is the probability that a person carrying a disease-associated genotype will develop the disease within a given time period.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Perception of painThe Perception of pain learning resource is one of a series of objects which have been developed for the Pain pathways project.

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2009-06-12Access this RLO
Person-centred dementia care - Caring for people with dementia in the general hospitalThis RLO looks at what person-centered dementia care is and using filming of healthcare professionals caring for people with dementia, shows how person-centered care can be applied on a hospital ward.

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2015-09-04Access this RLO
Personal Protective EquipmentExamines when and how to use personal protective equipment in a healthcare setting.

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2009-02-20Access this RLO
PharmacogeneticsPharmacogenetics refers to the study of genetic influences on an individual's response to drugs. In pharmacogenetics, the analysis of a specific gene, or group of genes, may be used to predict responses to a specific drug or class of drugs.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic influences of aminoglycoside dosingExamines how the absorbtion and distribution of aminoglycosides within the body affects the dosing regimens used.

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2006-10-02Access this RLO
Physical activity and healthThis RLO outlines the importance physical and mental health benefits to the individual of physical exercise. The second RLO in this series describes practical measures to build exercise into your daily routine. Part of the PAVE (Physical Activity Virtual Education) project.

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2009-09-23Access this RLO
Planning for improvementThis learning resource focuses on identification of potential improvements, by focusing on the patient journey. It outlines the need to understand the system and processes involved and challenges the learners to think about the potential impact of any change and all of the people it is likely to affect.

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2009-04-03Access this RLO
Plasma Proteins and Drug DistributionExaming the role of plasma proteins in the blood in the distribution and elimination of drugs in the body.

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2017-02-28Access this RLO
Positive and negative predictive value of diagnostic testsThis RLO explains how diagnostic test results are a combination of true and false positive, or true and false negative.

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2007-02-02Access this RLO
Power and sample sizeAn introduction to type I and type II errors with an interactive simulation to show the dynamic effects of variables on the power of the study

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2003-06-25Access this RLO
PPIVMs of the cervical spineA short introduction to the concept of manual therapy for the cervical spine for Physiotherapy undergraduate students.

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2013-08-13Access this RLO
Presenting and interpreting meta-analysesHow to present and interpret the results of a meta-analysis using forest plots.

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2007-06-28Access this RLO
PressureIntroducing basic concepts of physical pressure, with particular reference to the role of pressure in healthcare situations.

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2004-03-02Access this RLO
PrevalenceAn explanation of prevalence as the measurement of a situation at one time

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2002-06-05Access this RLO
Probability associated with inferential statisticsAn introduction to probability, and the probability of sample errors affecting research results.

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2016-10-10Access this RLO
Prokaryotes and eukaryotesThis RLO describes the characteristics of eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.

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2009-01-26Access this RLO
Qualitative and quantitative researchOutlining the distinction between qualitative and quantitative methods of doing research.

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2017-02-13Access this RLO
Qualitative Data AnalysisThe aim of this Reusable Learning Object (RLO) is to give you an idea of how qualitative data analysis is done. It's aimed at students studying evidence based practice or research methods, with a basic understanding of what qualitative research is.

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2010-06-11Access this RLO
Randomised Control Trials (RCT)This resource looks at Randomised Control Trials (RCT). Generally in a randomised controlled trial, study participants are randomly assigned or randomised to one of two groups: the experimental group receiving the intervention that is being tested and the comparison group (control) which receives a conventional treatment or placebo. These groups are then followed prospectively to assess the effectiveness of the intervention compared with the standard treatment or control.

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2018-06-14Access this RLO
Receptor location and the speed of drug actionTo explain how cellular receptor location influences the speed of drug action.

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2009-03-06Access this RLO
Referencing Books using HarvardThis resource outlines the information that is required to accurately reference a book for the Harvard referencing scheme. It also outlines where that information can be found within a book.

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2008-01-21Access this RLO
Referencing Journals using HarvardThis resources outlines the information that is required to accurately reference a journal article for the Harvard referencing scheme. It also outlines where that information can be found within a printed journal.

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2008-01-21Access this RLO
Referencing websites using HarvardThis resource outlines the information that is required to accurately reference a website for the Harvard referencing scheme. It also outlines where that information can be found within a website.

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2008-01-21Access this RLO
Referencing your work with HarvardIntroduction to the Harvard style of literature referencing, incorporating an interactive referencing tool for students.

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2007-03-16Access this RLO
Reflective Writing ToolsThis resource has been developed to help students understand self help reflection.

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2013-05-24Access this RLO
Relationship between incidence and prevalenceAn explanation of the relationship between incidence and prevalence with an interactive example

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2002-07-19Access this RLO
Relative risk reduction and absolute risk reductionThis RLO considers how to measure and interpret the magnitude of effect in clinical trial results using relative risk reduction (RRR) and absolute risk reduction (ARR).

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2006-03-29Access this RLO
Respiratory ventilation: anatomy and mechanicsPresents the purpose of ventilation, the anatomical parts involved, and the muscular activity that enables ventilation to take place at rest.

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2005-03-14Access this RLO
Responding to behaviour that challenges in healthcare settingsThis resource on responding to behaviour that challenges in healthcare settings is one in a series of 3, and focuses on the subject of working with Challenging Situations. It is primarily aimed at 2nd year healthcare students.

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2016-12-09Access this RLO
Responses to SexualityThis RLO is based on a scenario which involves the expressions of sexuality by John, a man with learning disabilities. It looks at John's responses, views and feelings and compares them with those of his health care worker. It challenges the learner to review their own views to these issues.

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2010-03-18Access this RLO
Safeguarding Vulnerable PeopleA collection of resources that support you in your professional development with regard to 'Safeguarding vulnerable People'.

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2013-09-19Access this RLO
Safer Urinary Catheter CareThis resource is designed to help healthcare professionals understand the dangers associated with urinary catheters and the correct ways in which to care for them to help prevent infection. The resource uses video clips and interactive elements as well as text.

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2012-08-24Access this RLO
Search strategy for locating Randomised Controlled TrialsIntroduction to search strategies for locating randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in online databases.

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2005-09-05Access this RLO
Sensitivity and SpecificityThis RLO explains how diagnostic test accuracy is described by the terms sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity describes the accuracy of the test in detecting disease. Specificity describes the accuracy of the test in detecting health.

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2018-06-12Access this RLO
Should Sarah smack her child?This RLO explores the ethical dimension and different views surrounding the use of mild smacking as a means of punishment. Should Sarah smack her child? This RLO introduces you to a range of stakeholders with differing viewpoints and allows you to record your own responses to their opinions.

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2007-10-03Access this RLO
SI Units and calculating unit changesTo identify what SI units are, when they are used, and how to calculate unit changes.

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2006-10-26Access this RLO
Skin preparation prior to intramuscular and subcutaneous injectionsTo gain an understanding of the issues associated with skin preparation for intramuscular and subcutaneous injections.

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2010-01-18Access this RLO
Social classUnderstanding the concept of social class, how it is modelled and some of the healthcare problems attached

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2002-09-13Access this RLO
Solutions and ElectrolytesExamining the mechanisms of chemical solution and how solvents work, and the roles of ions and electrolytes in chemical activity within the body.

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2007-05-08Access this RLO
Starling's ForcesAn examination of the roles of hydrostatic and oncotic pressure in movement of fluid and gases across the capillary wall.

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2005-01-05Access this RLO
Steps in conducting a systematic reviewThis RLO outlines the five fundamental steps to conducting a systematic review of health care research so as identify, select and critically appraise relevant research.

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2005-10-27Access this RLO
Stress Management for Healthcare Students on Clinical PlacementA guide to managing the stress associated with clinical placement – designed by students, for students.

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2016-01-15Access this RLO
Structure of the AtomAn introduction to basic atomic structure

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2005-11-11Access this RLO
Structures of the brainThis learning resource allows the learner to label a diagram of the brain and is aimed at identification of the major areas of the brain (cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, pons, midbrain, thalamus, hyporthalamus and pituitary gland). Once correctly labelled, the learner can access information about these structures. Additional interactions allow the learner to explore the diagram to discover the structures for themselves, whilst an MCQ allows them to test their knowledge.

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2008-05-07Access this RLO
Subcutaneous injection sitesTo gain an understanding of the issues associated with Subcutaneous injection sites.

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2011-12-12Access this RLO
Subcutaneous injection techniquesTo gain an understanding of the issues associated with Subcutaneous injection techniques.

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2010-12-08Access this RLO
Supporting medically under-served patients with their medicinesThis collection of 3 RLOs was developed to support medically under-served patients with their medicines.

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2018-06-15Access this RLO
Surrogate OutcomesThis RLO considers the type of evidence which should be used when making decisions about patient care.

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2018-06-12Access this RLO
Targets for Drug ActionsThis RLO explains the four major targets at which drugs act, namely receptors, ion channels, carriers and enzymes

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2009-10-08Access this RLO
The Black Report and Inequalities in HealthThis RLO examines the findings and implications of the Black Repor. This was a 1980 document published by the the Department of Health and Social Security in the United Kingdom, which was the report of the expert committee into health inequality chaired by Sir Douglas Black. It was demonstrated that although overall health had improved since the introduction of the welfare state, there were widespread health inequalities.

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2002-07-29Access this RLO
The Kidneys and Drug ExcretionThe role of the kidneys in the excretion of drugs.

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2018-06-12Access this RLO
The Liver and drug metabolismThe role of the liver in the metabolism of drugs.

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2018-06-12Access this RLO
This is SteveThis RLO shows the sort of information that someone with a learning disability might want carers to know before they come to care for them. It is written from the perspective of a service user with the help of a student nurse.

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2009-04-03Access this RLO
Tissue Fluid FormationThis RLO describes the distribution of fluids within the body and describes the forces involved in the circulation of fluids between the capillary and tissue compartments.

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2009-04-03Access this RLO
Transduction of painThe Transduction of pain learning resource is part of a series of objects being developed for the nociceptive pathways project.

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2009-06-12Access this RLO
Transmission of painThe Transmission of pain learning resource is part of a series of objects being developed for the nociceptive pathways project.

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2009-06-12Access this RLO
Types of qualitative researchThis RLO outlines the variety of types of qualitative research that there are. It's aimed primarily at students studying evidence based practice and research methods.

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2010-06-11Access this RLO
Understanding Dyslexia: an IntroductionAn introduction to dyslexia, outlining both positive and negative aspects.

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2005-09-20Access this RLO
Understanding First Pass MetabolismDescription of first pass metabolism of orally-administered drugs in the liver and gastrointestinal tract

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2004-01-09Access this RLO
Understanding Midwifery within the UKThis RLO provides an overview of midwifery education and career pathways in the UK, including an introduction to the diversity of midwifery roles.

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2013-10-01Access this RLO
Understanding Nursing within the UKThis RLO provides an overview of nursing education and career pathways in the UK, including an introduction to the main nursing roles.

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2012-08-24Access this RLO
Understanding Physiotherapy within the UKThis RLO provides an overview of physiotherapy education and career pathways in the UK, including an introduction to the main physiotherapy roles.

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Understanding self-harm and care pathways for children and young people admitted to hospitalThis resource is part of the Our care through our eyes (OCTOE), series. This RLO will equip registered children's nurses, student nurses and other health professionals with knowledge of self-harm in children and young people who have been admitted to hospital. The RLO will also cover the care pathways of children and young people who self-harm.

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2016-11-25Access this RLO
Understanding the Trigger ToolTo give an overview of how and why the Trigger Tool is used to measure the rate of harm within a healthcare organisation

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2010-09-22Access this RLO
Unlocking stories - Experiences of older women who are survivors of domestic violence and abuseA co-production learning resource which has used an arts based narrative approach to explore the experiences of older women who are survivors of domestic violence and abuse. The resource is open access and aims to reach a wide professional audience including those working in health and social care environments.

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2016-07-11Access this RLO
Unlocking the codeA resource developed through partnership with the School of Health Sciences at the University of Nottingham and Birmingham City University. By completing this resource the learner will be able to: Demonstrate a working knowledge of the four principles within the Nursing and Midwifery Council’s Code. Discuss the importance of professional behaviour and acting appropriately to prevent distress and harm. Identify the significance of public trust in the nursing profession.

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2016-09-15Access this RLO
Using databases to find journal articlesAn introduction to online databases of journals relevant to nurses (eg CINAHL, BNI).

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2005-09-20Access this RLO
Using Twin and Adoption StudiesThis resource examines the use of twins and adopted children in research into the genetic predisposition to disease.

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2012-03-12Access this RLO
Volume of distributionExplains the pharmacological concept of Volume of Distribution, and how it is calculated.

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2007-11-15Access this RLO
What are Journals?This learning object introduces educational journals and describes three types: Academic, Professional and Subject. The examples used are drawn from the area of nursing, but the concepts are cross-discipline.

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2017-06-05Access this RLO
What is a randomised controlled trial?This RLO outlines how Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) work.

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2010-06-11Access this RLO
What is Evidence Based Practice?This RLO introduces the concept of evidence based practice and explains, in outline, how evidence based practice is done.

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2010-06-11Access this RLO
What is referencing?This RLO outlines the importance of referencing and how to refer to the work of others appropriately. Interactive tasks illustrate the range of materials that can be referenced and examples of plagiarism. This resource has been re-purposed and replaces an older Flash based version.

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2017-01-26Access this RLO
Why critique research?Why published research needs to be appraised by readers.

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2017-03-21Access this RLO
Why do we need confidentiality?Confidentiality is an important principle in health and social care because it functions to impose a boundary on the amount of personal information and data that can be disclosed without consent.

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2006-03-07Access this RLO
Ymateb i fynegiant o rywioldeb1This is a Welsh translation of "Responses to Expressions of Sexuality." Mae'r adnodd dysgu ailddefnyddiadwy hwn yn seiliedig ar senario am y ffyrdd y mae John, dyn gydag anableddau dysgu, yn mynegi ei rywioldeb. Mae'n edrych ar ymateb, barn a theimladau John ac yn eu cymharu gydag ymateb, barn a theimladau ei weithiwr gofal iechyd. Mae'n herio'r dysgwr i ystyried ei farn ei hun am y materion hyn. Mae'r adnodd hwn a mwy ar gael ar "Y Porth", sef llwyfan e-ddysgu cydweithredol y sector addysg uwch cyfrwng Cymraeg. http://www.porth.ac.uk/cy/

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2011-02-02Access this RLO